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2013.11.29.I author: European Association of Development Agencies -

Science and technology statistics at regional level - updated

Eurostat has recently published updated statistical information that illustrates regional developments for science and technology indicators within the European Union. The domains covered are research and development (R&D;), the number of researchers, human resources in science and technology (HRST), employment in high technology sectors and patent applications.

30 of the 260 EU regions for which data are available had R & D intensity above 3.00 % in 2010. As such, they exceeded the 3 % target set by the Barcelona Council in 2002 and maintained within the Europe 2020 strategy. Among these 30 regions, 10 were in Germany, five in the United Kingdom, four in Sweden, three in Denmark and two each in Belgium, France, Austria and Finland. Together these 30 regions accounted for 38.4 % of all R & D expenditure in the EU-27.
The German R & D-intensive regions included a cluster of regions in south-western and south-eastern Germany: Rheinhessen-Pfalz, Stuttgart, Karlsruhe, Tübingen, Oberbayern, Mittelfranken and Darmstadt. These regions were also very important in absolute terms (as measured by their level of R & D expenditure, rather than their R & D intensity), as together they accounted for 13.4 % of all R & D expenditure in the EU-27 in 2009. The other German regions with R & D intensity above 3.00 %, from west to east, were Braunschweig (with an R & D intensity of 7.99 % — the highest value in the EU-27), Berlin and Dresden; these three regions together contributed 3.4 % to total R & D expenditure in the EU-27.

The most R & D-intensive region in the United Kingdom in 2009 was East Anglia (5.57 % — this region includes the area around Cambridge, which has a science park that benefits from close ties with the nearby university). The other R & D-intensive regions (with intensity above 3.00 %) were also in southern England and together these five British regions contributed 4.1 % to total R & D expenditure in the EU-27 in 2009.

Nine of the regions where R & D intensity was over 3 % were located in the Nordic Member States, where the highest R & D intensity was 5.31 % in the Danish capital city region of Hovedstaden. The three Danish and four Swedish regions with R & D intensity above 3.00 % collectively contributed 6.5 % to total R & D expenditure in the EU-27 in 2009 while the two Finnish regions contributed 1.2 % in 2010.

The two Belgian regions with relatively high R & D intensity in 2009 were the Province/Provincie du Brabant Wallon, which was the second most R & D-intensive region in the EU (7.66 % of GDP), and the neighbouring Province/Provincie Vlaams-Brabant (3.56 %). As well as a large industrial area around the Belgian capital, these regions include the university towns of Louvain-la-Neuve (which has a science park) and Leuven. In France the highest R & D intensity in 2009 was recorded in the Midi-Pyrénées region (4.40 %); this area includes a cluster of R & D-intensive enterprises related to aerospace manufacturing, centred on Toulouse. The second highest R & D intensity in France was recorded in the capital city region of Île de France (3.02 %). The overall level of R & D expenditure in these two regions was high, particularly in the Île de France, which recorded by far the highest level of R & D expenditure among any of the NUTS level 2 regions in the EU; it alone contributed 7.1 % to total R & D expenditure in the EU-27 in 2009, and together with the region of Midi-Pyrénées the share of these two regions was 8.5%. In Austria the most R & D-intensive regions were Wien (3.93 %) and Steiermark (3.87 %), contributing 1.8 % to total R & D expenditure in the EU-27 in 2009.

Click here for the complete article and background documents.

 

 

 


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